Article may retract after publication in accordance with the guidelines of the International Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).
Retraction refers to a standard correction process as well as an editorial practice of publications that retracts previously published
articles from print, digital, and web versions.
Editors should contemplate about retracting article if:
Plagiarism, duplicate publication, picture duplication, authorship difficulties, compromised peer review, data fabrication or
falsification, failure to acquire ethical clearance or consent, failure to seek permission for data, etc are subjected to article
- If there is a copyright violation or any other major legal issue.
- The article contains information or material that is not authorised for use which may lead to ethical issues.
According to these rules, studies should be retracted if their principal conclusions are proven to be unreliable, redundant or if the
authors have reported unethical research or failed to disclose a significant competing interest that might have an impact on how the
article novelty is interpreted.
Incorrect list of authors (someone who significantly contributed to the study has been left out, or someone who did not contribute to the
writing of the article text has been added).